Beginner Care Guide of Catfish
Common Name: Catfish
Scientific Name: Varies with breeds
Average size: Corydoras ( 5-7cm), other species (up to 30cm)
PH: 6.0 - 8.0
Lifespan: Up to 5 years with proper care, some species may live even longer
Water Hardness: 2 - 25dH
Temperature: 24°C - 28°C
TRAITS & BEHAVIOR
Catfish are omnivore. They eat plants, vegetables and animals matter including small live foods. However, there are certain types of catfish like Plecos are herbivores.
Most of the catfish are bottom-dwellers. They inhabit the bottom region of an aquarium. Certain species of catfish like Plecos able to hang at the side of aquarium.
Corydoras present active if kept in a group of six or more. Larger species should be housed individually.
Keep away the aquarium from direct sunlight and electronic goods.
A minimum of 70 Liters for cory cats, 113 Liters of aquarium tank for larger species will keep them live healthy.
A fine gravel substrate on the bottom of the aquarium with plants like Elodea and Cabomba, driftwoods and rocks to create hiding places will be appreciated.
6-8 hours of lighting is recommended. Avoid extended exposure of lighting to prevent the growth of algae.
Advised weekly change of 10% of your aquarium water by using cleaning tools, at least 30% of aquarium water monthly.
Angelfish, Barbs, Minnows, Discus, Guppies, Gouramis, Loaches, Mollies, Platies, Rainbow fish, Rasboras, Swordtails, Tetra, Catfish and Danios.
Offered sinking pellets or food tablets like Tetra Monster XL Pellets, Sanyu Sinking Pellets according to catfish eating habits and size.
Bloodworms, artemia and tubifex worms are a good choice to be given occasionally.
Feed small amounts 1-2 times daily. Take off any uneaten fish food after 2-3 minutes with Nirox fish net.
Sign of healthy:
- Clear eyes
- Smooth and clean in appearance
- Healthy appetite
- Calm and steady gill movement
- Bright and even body coloration
Sign of illness:
- Loss of body coloration or appetite
- Lying on the bottom of aquarium
- Poor growth or weight loss
- Fins clamped to sides
- Scraping body on rocks
If you notice any illness sign (s), please to test water quality and improve it if necessary.
- Avoid fish tank from being overcrowded as it may cause stress to fish and a higher chance for them to get sick.
- Regular water change and an appropriate filtration is needed to maintain a good water quality.
- Check water quality by using JBL Test Kit at least once a week.
- Do not simple apply fish medications and salt to them as they may sensitive to it.
- Wash hand with soap after each time handling your aquarium.